of Pope Benedict XVI to bishops on rchived 29 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine "The last version of the Missale Romanum prior to the Council, which was published with the authority of Pope John xxiii in 1962 and used during the Council, will. "Church teaching about contraception". Therefore, the Church of Christ is present and operative also in these Churches, even though they lack full communion with the Catholic Church, since they do not accept the Catholic doctrine of the Primacy, which, according to the will of God, the Bishop of Rome. But, by a curious chance, which was to leave serious consequences, these converted barbariansthe Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Burgundians, Vandals, and later the Lombardshad been converted to Arianism, which had become a heresy after the council of Nicaea. This assembly transcends racial, cultural, socialindeed, all human affinities. In the former case, the Western Church claimed for itself the title Catholic Church, while the East appropriated the name Orthodox Church. Archived from the original on Retrieved 5 December 2011. 17 The Catholic Church has influenced Western philosophy, culture, science, and art.